Prostaglandin E-2 Via Steroidogenic Factor-1 Coordinately Regulates Transcription of Steroidogenic Genes Necessary for Estrogen Synthesis in Endometriosis


Attar E., Tokunaga H., Imir G., Yilmaz M. B. , Redwine D., Putman M., ...More

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, vol.94, no.2, pp.623-631, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1210/jc.2008-1180
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM
  • Page Numbers: pp.623-631

Abstract

Context: Products of at least five specific steroidogenic genes, including steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), which facilitates the entry of cytosolic cholesterol into the mitochondrion, side chain cleavage P450 enzyme, 3 beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-2, 17-hydroxylase/17-20-lyase, and aromatase, which catalyzes the final step, are necessary for the conversion of cholesterol to estrogen. Expression and biological activity of StAR and aromatase were previously demonstrated in endometriosis but not in normal endometrium. Prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) induces aromatase expression via the transcriptional factor steroidogenic factor-1 (SF1) in endometriosis, which is opposed by chicken-ovalbumin upstream- transcription factor (COUP-TF) and Wilms' tumor-1 (WT1) in endometrium.