Biological denitrification of drinking water in a slow sand filter

Aslan S. , Cakici H.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.148, pp.253-258, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 148
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.02.012
  • Page Numbers: pp.253-258


Biological removal of nitrate from drinking water was studied in a slow sand filter. Optimum carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) was found to be 1.8 when using acetic acid in batch tests. The filtration rates impact on NO3-N removal through the sand filter was assessed for 22.6 mg NO3-N/l concentrations while keeping C/N ratio as 1.8 for acetic acid. The filtration rates varied from 0.015, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04,0.05, and 0.06 m/h, respectively, corresponding to an overall average NO3-N removal efficiency of 94%. Although increasing filtration rates decreased NO3-N removal, effluent NO3-N concentrations at the effluent port were lower than the limit value. The slow sand filter process was unable to provide NO3-N removal rate more than 27.1 N/(m(2) day) (0.05 m/h flow rate). The NO3-N removal efficiency slightly dropped from 99% to 94% when the loading rate increased from 27.1 to 32.5 g/(m(2) day), but the effluent water contained higher concentration of NO2-N than the standard value. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.