Salih Nabi (d. 1914) is a person who lived in the last periods of the Ottomans and is a medical graduate and interested in Turkish music. In 1910, he received a work called al-Falsafa al-Musiqi (Philosophy of Musica). In this study, the effects of music on the human soul, music history, and musical understanding in the Ottoman period were found. Throughout history, many musical compositions have been received and reflected some philosophical thoughts. But an independent study of philosophy and music is not found before the 20th century. For this reason, Salih Nabis al-Falsafa al-Musiqi work is remarkable in terms of its title. There are brief explana- tions about various issues in the work but the most important issue that attracts our opinion is the musical perception of the period. Because Salih Nabi, as a witness at that time, thinks that music has been neglected for a long time in the Ottoman Empire. This is the reason why he has already taken him to a work. In this article, it has been tried to be given to today's musical literalism.