The Effects of Er:YAG, Nd:YAG, and Ho:YAG Laser Surface Treatments to Acrylic Resin Denture Bases on the Tensile Bond Strength of Silicone-Based Resilient Liners


GÖRLER O. , Dogan D. , ÜLGEY M. , GÖZE SAYGIN A. , HUBBEZOĞLU İ. , ZAN R. , ...More

PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY, vol.33, no.8, pp.409-414, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/pho.2015.3933
  • Title of Journal : PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY
  • Page Numbers: pp.409-414

Abstract

Objective: The present study was to assess the effect of surface treatments of Er:YAG, Nd:YAG, and Ho:YAG lasers on the tensile bond strength of a silicone-based resilient liner to an acrylic denture in an in vitro setting. Methods: Experimental dumbbell-shaped specimens (75mm) were produced by combining two acrylate pieces fabricated from heat-polymerized acrylic resin (36mm) with 3mm of Molloplast((R))-B filling between them. The specimens (n=200) were randomly divided in half for thermocycling, and each 100 specimen set was randomized into five groups (n=20) with different surface treatments: control (no surface treatment), sandblasting, Er:YAG laser, Nd:YAG laser, and Ho:YAG laser. A tensile bond strength test was performed. The effect of the laser surface treatments was examined with scanning electron microscopy. Results: Only the Er:YAG laser increased the tensile bond strength compared with the other treatments. The other laser groups showed lower bond strengths. The Ho:YAG laser resulted in considerably reduced tensile bond strength. The scanning electron microscopy images showed that applying laser surface treatments modified the surface of the denture base resin. Conclusions: There was not an overall improvement with the use of the studied laser modalities in the adhesion quality of resilient denture liner to acrylic resin, although Er:YAG laser showed a potential to improve their adhesion. These laser modalities need to be subjected to further studies to determine optimal setup for use in prosthodontics.