Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is closely associated with familial predisposition. The aim of the present study was to investigate predisposing risk factors in the family of a young patient who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery due to CVD. The father and uncle of the patient died at an early age due to myocardial infarction. Various stages of CVD were identified in both of the patient's brothers (28 and 32 years of age). Biochemical tests (fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, urea, creatinine and liver enzymes) and a complete blood count (haemoglobin, haematocrit, white blood cell count, and platelet count) were performed. Physiological coagulation inhibitory factors (protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III), prothrombotic genetic risk factors (factor V Leiden, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase A1C and C6T, angiotensin-converting enzyme, beta-fibrinogen, glycoprotein IIIa and factor XIII) and homocysteine levels were evaluated in all cases. Defects were observed in many genetic factors and in the systems regulated by these factors. The results were compatible with those reported in the literature. In conclusion, it is possible to determine a specific family history in young adults with CVD. From this perspective, the emergence of more serious CVD may be prevented by providing disease-related information to the other family members and implementing preventive measures.