A DFT Study of Determination of the Reactive Sites of the Acetylcholine and Its Agonists: In the Gas Phase and Dielectric Medium

Serdaroglu G.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, vol.111, no.10, pp.2464-2475, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 111 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/qua.22512
  • Page Numbers: pp.2464-2475


The reactive behavior of acetylcholine and its agonist molecules have been investigated using B3LYP hybrid density functional method at the 6-311++G** basis set level, in the gas phase and aqueous phase. The calculations have been performed to obtain optimized geometries, relative reactivities, net atomic charges, HOMO, and LUMO energies. The solvent effect has been analyzed by using the continuum model (IPCM) and, the obtained results have shown that the all molecules have been stabilized more by solvent dielectric constant. For Ach and its analogues, it has been very well known that esteratic site and quaternary ammonium group which have reflected the difference in biological activity have been the two of the most important active site for interactions between molecule and its receptor. The structures of these analogues have provided an essential foundation for subsequent structure-activity analysis of ligand binding at acetylcholine receptors, neuronal uptake inhibitors and transporters. Molecular modeling predictions will be important initial steps toward the development of novel pharmaceuticals in the fight acetylcholine-related neurological disorders. This work is therefore expected to facilitate the design and development of new biologically active Ach analogues to treat Ach-related neurological disorders and, specially is used to qualitative understanding of the reactivity and related properties and, so on can be used to a preselection of new ligands which at the moment is taken essentially from empirical knowledge. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem 111: 2464-2475, 2011