A PERSONALITY-BASED AGGREGATION TECHNIQUE FOR GROUP RECOMMENDATION


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Yalçın E. , Bilge A.

Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering, vol.21, no.4, pp.486-498, 2020 (Other Refereed National Journals)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.18038/estubtda.743422
  • Title of Journal : Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering
  • Page Numbers: pp.486-498

Abstract

The main goal of a group recommender system is to provide appropriate referrals to a group of users sharing common interests rather than individuals. Such group referrals are commonly produced by utilizing aggregation techniques that analyze the propensities of the whole group by combining the preferences of the users in the group. Although there exist various aggregation techniques in the literature, they usually rely on the assumption that each member of the group has equal importance on the final decision of the group. However, the decision-making process of a group is a complicated process that is strongly correlated with not only group members' experience about the domain of interest but also their behavioral aspects; therefore, the influence of the individuals might be dependent on user personalities. In this study, we propose a personality-aware aggregation technique termed as the Personality weighted Average (PwAvg), which determines the influence degree of each member in the group using five fundamental personality traits, openness, agreeableness, emotional stability, conscientiousness, and extraversion; and then utilizes them to weight the preferences during the aggregation process. Experiments performed on two real-world benchmark datasets demonstrate that the PwAvg technique significantly outperforms three baseline aggregation techniques, especially for large user groups. Empirical outcomes also show that utilizing the PwAvg with emotional stability trait achieves more qualified group recommendations compared to others.