Professional Self-Concept in Nurses and Related Factors: A Sample from Turkey

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Sabancıoğulları S. , Doğan S.

International Journal of Caring Sciences , cilt.10, sa.3, ss.1676-1684, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 10 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal of Caring Sciences
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1676-1684


Background: Professional self-concept is a strong factor affecting nursing shortage. Although there are studies on nurses' professional self in the international literature, there is not enough data on this subject in Turkey. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine professional self-concept among nurses working in hospitals and related factors. Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with 2165 nurses. The data were collected with the Socio-demographic Questionnaire, Professional Self-Concept Inventory and Self-Esteem Inventory. Results: The nurses' professional self-development scores were assessed as high. A significant positive relationship was determined between the nurses' professional self and self-esteem scores. Professional selfconcept was significantly higher in the nurses who were older, more experienced, female and master's degree graduates than in the nurses who were younger, less experienced, male and high school graduates. Conclusions: Nurses working in Turkey have a well-developed professional self-concept and high self-esteem. Nurses' professional self-concept is affected by their personal characteristics and working conditions. In addition, the level of self-esteem plays a role in the development of professional self as well. This study not only provides useful information for nurse educators and nurse managers but also offers a data source for future studies to be conducted on this issue in Turkey. Key Words; nursing shortage, professional self concept, register nurse, self esteem, Turkey.