Purpose In the last two decades, the non-motor functions of the cerebellum have become the centre of attention for researchers. Anecdotal observations of cognitive and psychiatric manifestations of cerebellar lesions have increased this interest. We aimed to investigate the executive function (EF), intellectual capacity, and comorbid psychiatric disorders in adolescents with Chiari malformation type 1 (CM1), which is a pathological manifestation of posterior cranial fossa structures include the cerebellum. Methods The Chiari group consisted of ten adolescents aged 12-18 years old, and the control group consisted of 13 healthy adolescents with similar age and sex with patients. Stroop test (ST), trail making test (TMT), and Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Parent form (BRIEF) were used to evaluate EF; Kent EGY and Porteus Maze Test was used to measuring the intelligence quotient (IQ), and a semi-structured interview was used to determine the psychiatric disorders. Results EF test scores were found comparable between the two groups. IQ scores of the Chiari group were found in the normal range, but significantly lower than controls. No significant difference was revealed in terms of comorbid psychiatric disorders between the two groups. Conclusion In this study, we did not observe an impairing effect of CM1 on EF and intelligence. Also, we found that CM1 did not cause more psychiatric disorders compared to controls. Further studies need to support our findings in adolescents diagnosed with CM1.