Tribological behavior and quantum chemical calculations of protic ionic liquids: synthesis, spectroscopic, and thermal properties

Karadag A., Akbas H., KARAKAŞ D. , Tekin K. C. , Korkmazer E.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, cilt.43, sa.3, ss.766-786, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/kim-1809-56
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.766-786


Protic ionic liquids (PILs) were synthesized through a stoichiometric neutralization reaction between 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)-bis(ethylamine) {Edbea} and various acids (formic, acetic, boric, decanoic, and gentisic acid). The PILs were characterized by elemental analyses, FTIR, H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. All the PILs except PIL3 were liquid at room temperature. The viscosity of the PILs (PIL1, 2, 4, 5) was measured using a cone-and-plate viscometer at ambient temperature. Quantum chemical calculations were used to explain the cation/anion ratio in the PILs. Reaction energies in the gas phase calculated at M062X/6-311+G(d,p) level were used to determine the cation/anion ratio. A sliding wear test was conducted at room temperature using an AA7075 disc specimen against a stationary 100Cr6 steel ball. The wear protection of PILs and 15W40 engine oil was determined by considering the volume loss of AA7075.