Antibacterial efficacy and remineralization capacity of glycyrrhizic acid added casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate


ŞAHİN F. , ÖZNURHAN F.

MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/jemt.23465
  • Dergi Adı: MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE

Özet

The aim was to evaluate remineralization capacity and antibacterial efficiency of Tooth Mousse and various amounts of glycyrrhizic acid added Tooth Mousse on primary tooth enamel. Three groups were formed; Group 1 (CPP-ACP), Group 2 (CPP-ACP + 5% glycyrrhizic acid), and Group 3 (CPP-ACP + 10% glycyrrhizic acid) in order to evaluate remineralization capacity. Enamel samples were immersed in demineralization solution and then remineralization agents were applied. Surface microhardness and SEM analyses were performed at the beginning, after demineralization and remineralization. For antibacterial tests, four groups were formed; Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 and Group 4 (control). Biofilms were then exposed to 10% sucrose eight times per day for 7 days. After biofilm growth period, samples were treated with materials to evaluate antibacterial efficiency except control group. After application of materials, samples were incubated 2 more days at 37 degrees C and at the end of this period, absorbance values of biofilms were determined and data were analyzed. An increase in microhardness values was Group 2 > Group 3 > Group 1, respectively, but there were no significant differences. After remineralization, microhardness values showed significant increases when compared to demineralized groups, but there was no significant difference. All groups showed decreased absorbance value of biofilm when compared with control group but they were insignificant. It was observed that both in Group 2 and Group 3, glycyrrhizic acid did not have a negative effect on remineralization and although they have an increase, it was insignificant. Although glycyrrhizic acid added CPP-ACP groups showed increased antibacterial activity, they were not statistically significant.