Determining the Incidence of Gynecoid Pelvis Using Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography in Nonpregnant Multiparous Women

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ŞALK İ. , ÇETİN M. , Salk S., ÇETİN A.

MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE, cilt.25, sa.1, ss.40-48, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000440808
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.40-48


Objectives: To determine the incidence of gynecoid pelvis by using classical criteria and measured parameters obtained from three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) pelvimetry in nonpregnant multiparous women who delivered vaginally. Subjects and Methods: Our hospital's picture archiving and communication system was reviewed retrospectively. All adult women who had undergone CT examination with routine abdominal protocols were identified. In the pelvic inlet, midpelvis, and pelvic outlet, classical criteria and measured parameters, both alone and in combination, were used to determine the presence of gynecoid pelvis. Results: 3D CT pelvimetry was performed on 226 women aged 23-65 years without any history of cephalopelvic disproportion and who had at least one delivery of an average fetal size (>2,500 g). The median parity was 4, and the mean (+/- SD) birth weight was 3,700 +/- 498 g. Compared to the classical criteria, measured parameters and their combined use with the classical criteria significantly reduced the frequency of gynecoid pelvis (51.3 and 47.8%, respectively, vs. 71.6%; p = 0.001); however, there was no significant difference between the measured parameters and their combined use with classical criteria with regard to the frequencies of gynecoid pelvis (p > 0.05). Conclusions: With the use of measured parameters of 3D CT pelvimetry, the incidence of gynecoid pelvis reduces to a more acceptable level (51.3%) in accordance with obstetric knowledge. Since there is no considerable decrease with the addition of classical criteria, 3D CT pelvimetry alone has merit for determining a woman's pelvic capacity for obstetric needs after the improvement and standardization of measured parameters. (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel