Mineralogical characteristics of metamorphic massif units outcropping in Goksun, Afsin and Ekinozu (Kahramanmaras) region


HOZATLIOĞLU D. , BOZKAYA Ö., YALÇIN H. , YILMAZ H.

BULLETIN OF THE MINERAL RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION, cilt.162, ss.103-143, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 162
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.610884
  • Dergi Adı: BULLETIN OF THE MINERAL RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.103-143

Özet

This study aims to investigate and correlate the mineralogical-petrographic characteristics of Metamorphites in Goksun, Afsin and Ekinozu in the Southeast Anatolian Metamorphic Massifs. In this context, the optical microscopy and XRD investigations were performed on several samples. Goksun Metamorphites are constituted by phyllite, calcphyllite, marble and they contain mainly calcite, dolomite, quartz, feldspar, phyllosilicate. KI and b-cell dimension data reflect high anchizone-epizone and medium pressure conditions. Afsin Metamorphites are represented by phyllite, calcphyllite, calcschist, micaschist, amphiboleschist, marble. Phyllosilicates have consisted of illite/mica, IIb chlorite, mixed-layers, smectite. KI and b-cell dimension data correspond to the subgreenschist-greenschist facies conditions. Ekinozu Metamorphites are made of chloriteschist, amphiboleschist, micaschist, micagneiss in lower parts, while calcitic and/or dolomitic marbles are present in the upper parts. Mica is dioctahedral and trioctahedral, whereas chlorite tends to be trioctahedral. Based on mineral associations, Ekinozu Metamorphites belong to amphibolite facies in the lower parts, but the greenschist facies conditions at the upper parts. The coarse-grained biotite, muscovite and chlorite are accompanied by mixed-layers. According to mineral composition and degrees of metamorphism, Goksun and Afsin Metamorphites are similar to the Keban and Malatya Metamorphites; however, Ekinozu Metamorphites to Puturge Metamorphites. The data show that metamorphics in the western extension of the Southeast Anatolian Metamorphic Massifs have different origin and/or lithologies according to the regions, increasing temperature-pressure conditions from Goksun to Ekinozu and have groups of rock with different geological evolutions.