Investigation of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus Transmission from Patients to Relatives: A Prospective Contact Tracing Study


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GÖZEL M. G. , BAKIR M. , ÖZTOP A. Y. , ENGİN A. , DÖKMETAŞ İ. , ELALDI N.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, cilt.90, ss.160-162, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 90 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0306
  • Dergi Adı: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.160-162

Özet

We investigated the possibility of transmission of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus through respiratory and physical contact. In this prospective study, we traced 116 close relatives of confirmed CCHF cases who were in close contact with the patients during the acute phase of the infection and evaluated the type of contact between patients and their relatives. These relatives were followed for clinical signs or symptoms indicative of CCHF disease, blood samples of those with and without clinical signs were analyzed for CCHF virus immunoglobulin M and G (IgM and IgG, respectively) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. No close relatives developed any signs or symptoms of CCHF and were negative for CCHF virus IgM and IgG. The results suggest that CCHF virus is not easily transmitted from person to person through respiratory or physical contact.