Efficacy of contact lens storage solutions against trophozoite and cyst of Acanthamoeba castellanii strain 1BU and their cytotoxic potential on corneal cells


Polat Z. A. , Vural A., Cetin A.

PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, cilt.101, ss.997-1001, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 101 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00436-007-0576-x
  • Dergi Adı: PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.997-1001

Özet

Acanthamoeba is a free-living amoeba causing a potentially blinding infection of the cornea. Contact lens wearers are most at risk and account for about 95% of cases. We investigated the in vitro effectiveness of 10 contact lens solutions against Acanthamoeba castellanii and their cytotoxicity on corneal cells in vitro. Contact lens solutions were evaluated for their amoebicidal activities using an inverted light microscope. To determine of their cytotoxicity on corneal cells, agar diffusion tests were performed. According to the results obtained from the tests, AVIZOR Aqua Soft Comfort and Elegances showed the best amoebicidal effect on A. castellanii trophozoites. Cysts were still viable after overnight (8 h) exposure. In the case of the cyctotoxic acitivities, All In One Light, AstekTm, SOLO-Care AquaTm, Maxima, and Horien showed no cytotoxicity on the corneal cells. ReNu MUltiplUSTm, AVIZOR Aqua Soft Comfort, Carrerav (R), and Elegance (R) showed mild cytotoxicity on the corneal cells. Plurisol.M presented moderate cytotoxicity on the corneal cells. All commercial solutions examined in this study are the lack of efficacy against A. castellanii. Improvement or development of new contact lens disinfecting systems by the manufacturers is needed to prevent Acanthamoeba keratitis.