Removal of tetracycline from wastewater using pumice stone: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies


GÜLER Ü. A. , SARIOĞLU CEBECİ M.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, cilt.12, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1186/2052-336x-12-79
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Özet

In this study, pumice stone was used for the removal of tetracyline (TC) from aqueous solutions. It was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM and BET analyses. Cation exchange capacity of pumice stone was found to be 9.9 meq/100 g. Effect of various parameters such as solution pH (2-11), adsorbent dosage (0.5-10 g/L), contact time (2.5-120 min), initial TC concentration (5-300 mg/L) and temperature (20-50 degrees C) on TC adsorption onto pumice was investigated. Also the adsorption of TC on pumice stone was studied as a function of Na+ and Cu2+ cations changing pH from 2 to 11 using batch experiments. The best removal efficiency performance was exhibited at adsorbent dosage 10 g/L, pH 3, contact time 120 min. Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm models were applied to the equilibrium data. The result has shown that the adsorption was favorable, physicochemical in nature and agrees well with Langmuir and Freundlich models. The maximum Langmuir adsorption capacity was found to be 20.02 mg/g. The adsorption behavior of TC on pumices stone was fitted well in the pseudo-second order kinetics model. Thermodynamic parameters calculated from the adsorption data at different temperature showed that the adsorption reaction was feasible, spontaneous and exothermic.