Effects of three biochar types on activity of beta-glucosidase enzyme in two agricultural soils of different textures


Gunal E., ERDEM H., DEMİRBAŞ A.

ARCHIVES OF AGRONOMY AND SOIL SCIENCE, cilt.64, ss.1963-1974, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 64 Konu: 14
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/03650340.2018.1471205
  • Dergi Adı: ARCHIVES OF AGRONOMY AND SOIL SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1963-1974

Özet

Biochar has attracted significant attention due to the long-lasting nature, and prominent influence on soil characteristics. This study was conducted to evaluate changes in the activity of beta-glucosidase enzyme (BG) in loamy and sandy loam texture soils following two winter wheat growing seasons. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with three replicates and four treatments. The treatments were two soils, three biochars (rice husk, corn cob and bean harvest residue), five biochar rates (BR) and five levels of mineral fertilizers (FR) or dairy effluent (DE). The fertilizers were applied at the beginning of each season, while biochars were applied only at the beginning of experiment. Soil samples were collected following the second season and analyzed for the BG activity. Addition of biochars reduced the BG activity and the decline was higher in sandy loam compared to loamy soils. Negative effect of biochar to BG activity was greater at the highest BR (3.0%) than the lower BR. Fertilizer additions along with DE biochar had significant effect on BG activity that increased with higher FR. Given the importance of BG activity in soil organic matter decomposition, biochar application can be considered a sustainable way of increase in carbon sequestration.