shepherd dogs have excellent sensory organs and perform missions perfectly. For
this reason, in many countries of the world, they are preferred for herd guard
and as shepherd dog. One of these sensory organs is hearing. The aim of this study
was to evaluate the deafness risk estimation analysis of Kangal shepherd dogs
breeding in Sivas province of Turkey. The Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response
test was applied to 160 Kangal shepherd dogs in Sivas province city center and
districts. During the application, the dogs were kept in the present natural
environment. The dogs were divided into groups according to their general,
gender and age, and their responses to frequencies ranging from 20, 40, 60 and
80 decibels (dB) for the right and left ears were investigated. One-way ANOVA
and Duncan multiple comparison test were used in the age group comparison, and
independent samples t-test was used in the comparison of the other groups. All
statistical analysis were performed in the SPSS v.15 software. As a result, the
presence of unilateral deafness was detected in 2 dogs in totally. It was also
shown that the sense of hearing did not improve in puppies up to 11 days old.
Group comparisons were provided statistical significance for right ear in 40
and 60 dB for age groups, and right ear in 80 dB for gender groups (P<0.05).
There was no difference in comparison of the other frequencies of the groups
(P>0.05). This is the first study that deafness estimation was conducted in
Kangal shepherd dogs.