Diagnosis and management of acute heart failure

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Ural D., ÇAVUŞOĞLU Y., Eren M., KARAÜZÜM K., Temizhan A., YILMAZ M. B. , ...More

ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, vol.15, no.11, pp.860-889, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/anatoljcardiol.2015.6567
  • Page Numbers: pp.860-889


Acute heart failure (AHF) is a life threatening clinical syndrome with a progressively increasing incidence in general population. Turkey is a country with a high cardiovascular mortality and recent national statistics show that the population structure has turned to an 'aged' population. As a consequence, AHF has become one of the main reasons of admission to cardiology clinics. This consensus report summarizes clinical and prognostic classification of AHF, its worldwide and national epidemiology, diagnostic work-up, principles of approach in emergency department, intensive care unit and ward, treatment in different clinical scenarios and approach in special conditions and how to plan hospital discharge.