A new species of Physoptychis Boiss., Physoptychis purpurascens Celik & Akpulat, is described from Turkey. The diagnostic characters and description of the species are given. The new species is restricted to inner Anatolia, southwest of Sivas. Observations on the population are presented, together with the World Conservation Union (IUCN) threat category. (c) 2007 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 154, 393-396.