A new simple UV-Vis spectrophotometric method for determination of sulfite species in vegetables and dried fruits using a preconcentration process


ANALYTICAL METHODS, vol.8, no.2, pp.342-352, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c5ay02710a
  • Title of Journal : ANALYTICAL METHODS
  • Page Numbers: pp.342-352


A new eco-friendly, selective and sensitive method was developed for preconcentration and determination of trace levels of sulfite by ultrasonic-assisted cloud point extraction (UA-CPE). The method is based on the selective ion-association of the anionic complex, Cu(SO3)(2)(2-), produced depending on sulfite concentration in the presence of excess Cu(II) ions with toluidine blue (TB+) at pH 7.5, and then extraction of the formed ion-associate complex into the surfactant rich phase of Triton X-45 micelles. Under the optimized reagent conditions, the calibration curve is linear in range of 2.5-350 mg L-1, and the limits of detection and quantification of the method (LOD and LOQ) (3 sigma(blank)/m and 10 sigma(blank)/m) are 1.15 and 3.82 mu g L-1 with a sensitivity enhancement factor of 95. The results demonstrated that the method achieved acceptable quantitative recoveries of 95.7-102.9% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 2.1-4.8%. The method showed good selectivity, and was successfully applied to the quantification of sulfite species in vegetable and dried fruit samples with satisfactory results. The results were compared with those of the standard 5,5'-dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) method, and the two paired t-test was used to determine whether the results obtained by the two methods differ significantly.