The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on the Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Disposition of Students in Visual Arts Education

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Ülger K.

INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING, vol.12, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.7771/1541-5015.1649
  • Keywords: problem-based learning, creative thinking, critical thinking disposition, TORRANCE TESTS, SKILLS, INTELLIGENCE, DOMAINS, IMPACT


The problem-based learning (PBL) approach was implemented as a treatment for higher education visual arts students over one semester to examine its effect on the creative thinking and critical thinking disposition of these students. PBL had a significant effect on creative thinking, but critical thinking disposition was affected to a lesser degree. One possible reason for this result is that in this study, open structures were used for learning activities as a nonroutine problem-solving process to develop creative thinking. Accordingly, the results of this study indicate that PBL can help students with nonroutine problem-solving processes by maintaining uncertainty and enhancing creative thinking. However, a similar conclusion could not be reached for critical thinking disposition. Therefore, future studies regarding critical thinking disposition and the PBL approach should be conducted.